Induction of Labor

Labor can be induced for medical reasons or social reasons and is safe for the baby if done after 39 weeks. There are many agents that can be used for […] Continue

Nuchal Cord

When the umbilical cord is wrapped around the baby’s neck this is called a nuchal cord. This is very common and not dangerous. About 25-35% of normal deliveries have a […] Continue


Meconium is the baby’s feces (poop). Sometimes this will be passed before the baby is delivered. This will mix with the amniotic fluid and has the potential for causing some […] Continue

People in the Room

Ask your doctor what the hospital’s policy is regarding how many people are allowed in the room and if there is an age restriction for visitors in the hospital that […] Continue

Fetal Monitoring

Fetal monitoring helps us understand more about your labor and how the baby is handling the stress of labor. External monitors are initially used. They go on your abdomen and […] Continue

Baby at Delivery

After the baby is delivered it will usually be put on your chest but sometimes will be taken to a warmer at your bedside. The cord will be trimmed and […] Continue

Dilation, Effacement, Station

There are three important words to be familiar with to help understand the labor process. They are dilatation, effacement, and station. Dilatation is a measurement of how open the cervix […] Continue


Epidural anesthetic is very safe and will in most cases relieve all the pain of labor. It is given in a continuous drip so it will last during the entire […] Continue

Delivery of the Placenta

The third stage of labor is delivery of the placenta, also known as afterbirth. After the baby is delivered the placenta must come out. The placenta is an organ which […] Continue


An episiotomy is a cut in the bottom part of your vagina. The doctor may preform this just before the baby is born. This helps make more room for the […] Continue


Once the head of the baby comes out, you will stop pushing and the doctor will usually suction the nose and mouth of the baby so no unwanted substances enter […] Continue


Once you are completely dilated, it is time to start pushing. Pushing is considered a valsalva maneuver. Usually you will be asked to push 3-4 times with each contraction holding each […] Continue

Early Labor

The first part of labor (up till about 4 centimeters dilation), is known as early labor. This stage usually takes the most amount of time, from hours to even days. […] Continue

Arrival at the Hospital

When you think you’re in labor, it’s time to go to the hospital. Every hospital has a different procedure for admission to the hospital. You may be asked to stop […] Continue


Some hospitals give you a small room called a Triage where they can assess you to see if you’re really in labor. There are multiple ways to assess if you […] Continue

LDR Suite

LDR: Labor, Delivery, Recovery. LDR suites are rooms where you will labor and deliver your baby. It replaces the older system where women needed to be taken to a separate […] Continue

Pain Medicine

The three main options for pain management during labor include natural childbirth, IV pain medications, and epidural. The epidural is very safe and for most women will take away all […] Continue

Active Stage of Labor

The active stage is labor is between 4 cm and completely dilated. This is when the contractions are very strong and close together. Dilatation progresses at a much faster rate. […] Continue